On February 7, 2014, President Obama signed the Agriculture Act of 2014 (pdf) (H.R. 2642, the 2014 Farm Bill) into law. The bill includes $8.6 billion in cuts to SNAP.

The Farm Bill is a comprehensive piece of legislation that guides and authorizes funding for most federal farm and food policies, including the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP). Every five years, Congress renews the Farm Bill through the reauthorization process. Title IV of the Farm Bill covers domestic food and nutrition and commodity distribution programs.

Farm Bill 2018

Conversations around the 2018 Farm Bill are expected to begin in 2017 with the 115th Congress. Read our Farm Bill Primer for more information on the Farm Bill.

SNAP Legislation

  • Closing the Meal Gap Act of 2016
    H.R.5215 – Introduced May 12, 2016 by Representative Alma Adams (D-NC) and eight original co-sponsors.    

    What it does: Authorizes a SNAP Standard Excess Medical Deduction for persons who are elderly or have disabilities (with a minimum standard of $140); replaces the Thrifty Food Plan with the Low-Cost Food Plan as the basis for SNAP benefits; eliminates the cap on the SNAP Excess Shelter Deduction; raises the minimum SNAP benefit from $16 to $25 per month; and exempts jobless adults from SNAP time limits if the state does not provide them with a SNAP Employment and Training (SNAP E & T) slot. See the co-sponsors.

  • SNAP Work Opportunities and Veteran Protection Act of 2015
    S. 2420 – Introduced December 17, 2015 by Senator Richard Blumenthal (D-CT).

    What it does: Preserves access to SNAP benefits for certain jobless able-bodied adults without dependents (ABAWDs) who are seeking work but who are not selected for a state job training or workfare program. Also exempts from time limits on their SNAP benefits military veterans who participate in a Veterans Affairs or State rehabilitation or employment program. See the co-sponsors.

  • SNAP Work Opportunities Act of 2015
    H.R. 1025 – Introduced February 24, 2015 by Representative Jim McDermott (D-WA).

    What it does: Preserves access to SNAP benefits for certain jobless able-bodied adults without dependents (ABAWDs) by exempting them from time limits on their SNAP benefits if they are not selected for a state job training or workfare program. See the co-sponsors.

  • Food Security Improvement Act of 2015
     H.R. 3657 – Introduced September 30, 2015 by Representative Theodore E. Deutch (D-FL).

    What it does: Improves SNAP by requiring benefits to be calculated using the government’s Low-Cost Food Plan instead of the Thrifty Food Plan. See the co-sponsors.