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California
Profile of Hunger, Poverty, and Federal Nutrition Programs
Demographics, Poverty, and Food Insecurity
Population (2018)
Value
Total People
39,557,045
Children (Under Age 18)
8,989,955
Income and Poverty (2017)
Value
Median Household Income
$71,805
Rank Among States (Best to Worst)
9
Total People Living In Poverty
5,160,208
Poverty Rate
13.3%
Rank Among States (Worst to Best)
23
Children (Under Age 18) Living In Poverty
1,618,889
Child Poverty Rate
18.1%
Rank Among States (Worst to Best)
24
Total People Living Below 185% of Federal Poverty Level
10,991,432
Food Insecurity and Food Hardship
Value
Number of Households that are Food Insecure (2015–2017, 3-year average)
1,564,304
Percent of Households that are Food Insecure (2015-2017, 3-year average)
11.2%
Number of Households that are Very Low Food Secure (2015–2017, 3-year average)
572,647
Percent of Households that are Very Low Food Secure (2015–2017, 3-year average)
4.1%
Percent of Households Struggling Against Food Hardship (2016-2017, 2-year average)
14.1%
Federal Nutrition Programs
School Breakfast Program (School Year 2017–2018)
Value
Average Daily Student Participation
1,706,056
Free and Reduced-Price Students
1,451,915
Paid Students
254,141
Change in Free and Reduced-Price Participation in Last 10 Years
51.7%
Free and Reduced-Price Students Participating in School Breakfast per 100 in School Lunch
56.2
Rank Among States (Best to Worst)
28
Additional Free and Reduced-Price Students Served if Reached School Breakfast to Lunch Ratio of 70:100
355,997
Additional Federal Dollars State Would Receive if Participation Ratio Reached 70:100
$100,157,872
Number of Schools Participating
8,867
Schools Offering School Breakfast per 100 Offering School Lunch
91.4
Federal Funding for School Breakfast
$512,651,802
School Breakfast Mandate in State Law (Yes/No)
Yes
National School Lunch Program (School Year 2017–2018)
Value
Average Daily Student Participation
3,177,873
Free and Reduced-Price Students
2,582,731
Paid Students
595,142
Number of Schools Participating
9,698
Federal Funding for School Lunch
$1,488,068,169
Summer Nutrition Participation (July 2017)
Value
Average Daily Summer Nutrition Participation in July
443,214
July Summer Food Service Participation
107,380
July National School Lunch Participation in Free and Reduced-Price Lunch
335,834
Change in Average Daily Summer Nutrition Participation in Last 10 Years
0.0%
Summer Nutrition Participation as a Ratio to Regular Year Free and Reduced-Price School Lunch Participation
18.3
Rank Among States (Best to Worst)
14
Additional Low-Income Children Served if Reached Ratio of 40:100
523,471
Additional Federal Dollars State Would Receive if Reached Ratio of 40:100
$39,469,688
Number of Summer Food Service Sponsors
199
Number of Summer Food Service Sites
2,468
Federal Funding for Summer Food Service Program
$18,926,925
SNAP/Food Stamp Program
Value
Average Monthly Participation (Individuals) (FY 2018)
3,949,535
Change in Participation in Last 5 Years (FY 2013–FY 2018)
-5.0%
Average Monthly Benefit per Person (FY 2018)
$134
Participation Rate of Eligible Persons (FY 2016)
72.0%
Rank Among States (Best to Worst)
46
Participation Rate of Eligible Working Poor (FY 2016)
61.0%
Program Access Index (PAI) - Ratio of SNAP Participants to Low-Income Population (CY 2017)
62.3%
Annual Federal Funding for SNAP/Food Stamps (FY 2018)
$527,726,464
Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants and Children (WIC) (FY 2018)
Value
Average Monthly Participation
1,009,868
Women
224,100
Infants
213,956
Children
571,813
Change in Average Monthly Participation in the last 10 Years (FY 2008–FY 2018)
-28.5%
Federal Funding for WIC
$944,557,857
Child and Adult Care Food Program (CACFP) (FY 2017)
Value
Number of Participating Family Child Care Homes
13,626
Family Child Care Home Average Daily Participation of Children
110,380
Change in Family Child Care Daily Participation in Last 10 Years
-14.4%
Number of Participating Child Care Centers (Includes Head Start)
7,795
Child Care Center Average Daily Participation of Children (Includes Head Start)
484,308
Change in Center Daily Participation in Last 10 Years
166.3%
Federal Funding for CACFP
$472,588,512
The Emergency Food Assistance Program (TEFAP) (FY 2017)
Value
Federal Entitlement Funding
$35,171,791
Federal Bonus Commodity Funding
$31,646,569
Administrative Funding
$11,442,518
Commodity Supplemental Food Program (CSFP) (FY 2017)
Value
Average Monthly Participation
87,021
Federal Funding for CSFP
$26,694,576
State Economic Security Policies
Minimum Wage (2019)
Value
State Minimum Wage
$11
Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC) (2018)
Value
State EITC (Yes/No)
Yes
Refundable (Yes/No)
Yes
Temporary Assistance to Needy Families (TANF)
Value
Average Monthly Participation (FY 2018)
791,621
Adults
175,093
Children
616,528
Maximum TANF Benefit, Single-Parent Family of Three (FY 2018)
$714
Federal and State Funding for Cash Assistance (FY 2017)
$2,539,250,305